And How to Avoid Them
Small-business owners are an essential component of keeping America’s economy churning. In the United States, small businesses with 500 or fewer employees make up 99.7% of companies.
Too often, however, small-business owners spend so much time and energy building their companies, they neglect their personal financial futures. They might consider their companies to be their retirement plans, but don’t create the structure or strategy necessary for turning financial success into a meaningful retirement.
With this report, our goal is to help business owners avoid costly mistakes and confidently plan for the retirement they deserve.
MISTAKE NO. 1: NOT CREATING A RETIREMENT ROAD MAP
Building, running, and growing a company is tough. Business owners have countless responsibilities and too few hours in the day. Often, in the midst of fulfilling your professional priorities, you end up putting your personal financial life on the back burner.
If you have not planned for your retirement, you are not alone. Many entrepreneurs think growing a business is all they need to retire. However, simply having a business does not automatically mean you have a retirement strategy in place. Without a documented road map—one that goes beyond the hope to sell your business or to pass it to family—you could end up pushing back your ability to retire. In one survey, 37% of respondents said they have no retirement strategy, while 12% have no plans to retire, both of which is likely short-sighted.
A third of small business owners don’t have retirement strategies in place.
Delaying retirement is not always an option, though. Life often brings surprises and challenges, and you cannot always control when you retire. You may retire early because of challenges, such as health problems or disability. In 2018, only 26% of retirees were very confident in their abilities to cover medical expenses during retirement. To help ensure you can experience retirement on your terms—rather than reacting to what life or the business world throws your way—you need to proactively address these items…today.
What to do now:
- Define your ideal retirement. Clarify when you want to retire and what lifestyle you hope to enjoy.
- Build strategies to address your retirement. Determine the actions you need to take to fill the gaps between your current assets and the income you will need to support your desired retirement.
- Hold yourself accountable. Do not let the busy life of business ownership keep you from staying on track toward the retirement you
MISTAKE NO. 2: NOT HAVING AN EXIT STRATEGY
For many business owners, the idea of selling their companies for top dollar or passing them down to future generations is a retirement dream. Many entrepreneurs, though, are not doing the work necessary to turn this dream into a reality.
In the United States, 50% of business owners plan to leave in the next decade. However, less than 30% has a business succession plan. A third of business owners plan on a retirement somewhere between their mid-fifties and mid-sixties.
Only 30% of US businesses survive to the 2ndgeneration–and 12% to the 3rd generation.
No matter how long you want to work and how much you love your business, a clear exit strategy is necessary to help foster the company’s longevity and preserve your financial health. If you want to be able to retire when and how you would like—and have your business last beyond your career—you need an exit strategy for accomplishing that goal.
What to do now:
- Define your ideal exit strategy. Do you want to sell your business? Pass it to the next generation? Find an outside successor?
- Determine the real value of your business. Hire a qualified professional to provide a clear valuation of your company as it is today. Depending on how far you are from retirement or exiting, you might need to revisit this valuation in the
- Create a strategy—and stick to it. Your exit strategy might require you to hire new people, adjust your services, or implement a number of other changes.
MISTAKE NO. 3: NOT HAVING SEPARATE RETIREMENT SAVINGS
Trying to build retirement savings while you foster your business can be challenging. With only so many dollars to go around and an endless list of professional expenses, you might rather reinvest in your company. However, even if you are ready to sell your business at retirement, you need to have savings that are completely separate from your business.
In one survey of entrepreneurs,75% had saved “$100,000 or less” in retirement accounts.
The reality is that solely relying on the value of your business to carry you into retirement is a risky approach that can easily backfire. Not only can industries change and companies falter, but many baby boomers are selling their businesses right now, which could potentially make a sale tougher in some markets. Would you and your family be able to enjoy a comfortable retirement without your current income or profits from selling your business? If the answer is no, now is the time to start building your savings.
What to do now:
- Balance your personal and professional finances. When deciding how to invest your available assets or what salary to draw, make sure you focus on addressing both sides of your financial life.
- Explore available retirement-savings tools. From SEP IRAs to 401(k)s and beyond, small-business owners have access to a variety of vehicles for building retirement
- Review your budget and create a disciplined savings approach. Identify ways you might be able to trim your current expenses or save on your tax liabilities. Also, establish a habit of regularly contributing to your personal retirement savings.
MISTAKE NO. 4: NOT HAVING SUFFICIENT LIFE INSURANCE COVERAGE
Most people are familiar with life insurance, but the role this product plays for small-business owners often is more complex than for the typical individual. Of course, sufficient life insurance can help protect your family’s financial security if you were to pass away. A business owner, though, could have an extra liability: business collateral. If you take out loans to support your business using personal assets as collateral and you pass away, your family members may be on the hook for that debt, which could jeopardize their financial standing. However, life insurance provides an added layer of protection for your loved ones.
**Guarantees are based on the claims-paying ability of the issuing company. Life insurance coverage may be subject to underwriting and is not guaranteed. Premium costs and benefits will vary.**
Only 47% of small companies have any type of business life insurance.
What to do now:
- Analyze your current life insurance coverage. Do you have the right tools? Do you have unrecognized gaps?
- Address your family’s life insurance needs. Calculate your total debts and expenses to find the amount your family would need if you were to pass away prematurely.
- Uncover your business life insurance opportunities. Work with a professional to determine how life insurance might be able to help support both your business needs and your retirement goals.
MISTAKE NO. 5: NOT HIRING OUTSIDE SUPPORT
Running a successful small business requires a number of skills—from delivering your product or service to managing employees and growth. Accustomed to shouldering a vast number of responsibilities, many business owners seem to forget they do not have to go it alone.
Hiring outside help not only gives you access to experienced professionals who can apply their expertise to your specific needs, but it can also save you significant time. In a 2016 survey of almost 1,700 growth-oriented small businesses, almost 60% expressed challenges with understanding and managing laws and government regulations. They spent an average of 4 hours a week just dealing with regulation and tax compliance.
So, business owners have both personal and professional financial strategy needs on top of regulatory and tax burdens, thus increasing their need for professional support.
Nearly 80% of small business owners are solely responsible for coping with all regulatory information.
What to do now:
- Determine what professional support you need. You likely should consider hiring a tax professional, attorney, and financial advisor. Your unique circumstances might require additional support.
- Ask your professionals to work together. Aligning your financial life requires an understanding of its many facets. Make sure your support team has a clear picture of how your various pieces intertwine.
- Embrace the benefit of outside professionals. Your financial advisor and other professionals are there to help support your needs with professional guidance. Let them provide the insight you need and take the weight off your shoulders.
Launching and growing a small business is a challenging, time-consuming endeavor that is not for the faint of heart. Day to day operations can cause owners to lose sight of where a business fits into their overall financial plan, both from the risk and opportunity perspectives.
The tips in this post are a helpful overview of what you might need to address for your own retirement, but your complete answers are as unique as you are. Small-business owners who recognize and avoid these common mistakes—and take proactive steps to plan for the future—are better able to enjoy the lives they desire.
For a viewpoint from the other side of the pond, check out this post from Company Debt titled “5 of the Biggest Struggles for Small Businesses in 2020.”
If you have any questions or would like to learn more about developing strategies to pursue a prosperous and safe future, contact me today at Derek.Merkler@Parsonex.com! You can also visit my website to learn about how I help our service members and veterans plan for and achieve financial independence.
My blog discusses a myriad of financial topics and challenges, book reviews, and commentary on current events in the financial world to benefit our military and veteran community. I attempt to be as thorough as possible when examining each subject but can never account for every possible scenario. Please remember to consult with your advisers for advice on your particular situation. Thank you for reading!
Advisory Services offered through Parsonex Advisory Services, Inc. 8310 S. Valley Highway, Ste. 110, Englewood, CO 80112 (303) 662-8700.
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